L. Gordon Cooper, Jr.
1927 - 2004
"Reach for the stars!"
L. Gordon Cooper, Jr., in his pressure
suit with helmet during Mercury 9 prelaunch activities
Mercury 9 liftoff, May 15, 1963
Mission patch for Gemini 5, launched
August 21, 1965
of the original Mercury 7 astronauts, L. Gordon Cooper, Jr. was
an American hero and a true space pioneer who helped lead America
into the Space Age.
Born March 6, 1927 in Shawnee, Oklahoma, “Gordo”
Cooper attended primary and secondary schools in Shawnee, Oklahoma
and Murray, Kentucky. After serving in the Marine Corps from 1945
to 1946, Gordo attended the University of Hawaii where he was
commissioned in the U.S. Army as a second lieutenant. In 1949
he transferred his commission to the U.S. Air Force and was given
flight training. He then served as a fighter pilot with the 86th
Fighter Bomber Group in Munich, Germany for four years. Meanwhile,
he continued his studies at the European Extension of the University
of Maryland night school.
After returning to the United States, Gordo received a Bachelor
of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the Air Force
Institute of Technology in 1956. He then entered test pilot school
at Edwards Air Force Base, California. There he served as a test
pilot and aeronautical engineer until he became an astronaut.
Over his lifetime, he flew commercial and general aviation airplanes
and helicopters, logging over 7,000 hours flying time.
Gordo became a leading celebrity of the new Space Age when he
was selected as one of the Mercury 7 astronauts in April 1959.
In May 1963 he piloted the Faith 7 spacecraft on the
Mercury 9 mission – the last of the Project Mercury
missions. In August 1965 he commanded the Gemini 5 mission,
where he and astronaut Charles Conrad set a new space endurance
record at the time, orbiting Earth for approximately eight days.
The mission demonstrated that astronauts could survive trips to
the Moon and back. This flight also made Gordo the first human
to fly on two missions on Earth orbit. Additionally, Gordo served
as a backup astronaut for the Gemini 12 and Apollo
10 missions. All told, Gordo logged 222 hours in space. Gordo
left NASA and retired from the Air Force as a colonel in 1970.
Gordo also enjoyed a successful career in business. From the
early ‘60s to the mid ‘70s, he led, or consulted for,
numerous companies doing business in a wide variety of fields,
such as: race car and high performance boat design and manufacturing;
construction; energy; and high technology. He even worked in the
entertainment industry: He served as Vice President for Research
and Development/EPCOT for the Walt Disney company in the mid 1970s.
In recognition of his many accomplishments, Gordo received numerous
awards throughout his life: The Air Force Legion of Merit, The
Air Force Distinguished Flying Cross, The Air Force Distinguished
Flying Cross Cluster, The NASA Exceptional Service Medal, The
NASA Distinguished Service Medal, USAF Command Astronaut Wings,
The Collier Trophy, The Harmon Trophy, The Scottish Rite 33, The
York Rite Knight of the Purple Cross, The DeMolay Legion of Honor,
The John F. Kennedy Trophy, The Ivan E. Kincheloe Trophy, The
Air Force Association Trophy, The Primus Trophy, The John Montgomery
Trophy, The General Thomas E. White Trophy, The Association of
Aviation Writers Award, The University of Hawaii Regents Medal,
The Columbus Medal, The Silver Antelope, and The Sport Fishing
Society of Spain Award.
Perhaps most importantly, Gordo was a loving husband and devoted
On his historic Mercury 9 flight where he piloted the
Faith 7 spacecraft, Gordo orbited Earth 22 times over
a 34-hour period — logging more time on Earth orbit than
all previous Mercury flights combined. During this record-setting
mission, Gordo also became the first astronaut to sleep in space.
With the Explorers Flight — his final flight to
Earth orbit — we all wish that he rests in peace.
Note: All photos at left,
and part of this biography,
come from NASA sources.